Here are some tips to keep your 78rpm records
in top playing shape
Mediums to preserve:
Reel to Reel
Transfers to CD
Transfers to DVD
Audio Terms Explained
78rpm are made of a wide array of materials.
The one thing they have in common is that
all 78's are very fragile: they will peel,
crack, mold, warp, shatter, and suffer just
about any type of damage due to improper
handling or storage. So the first tip is:
Handle all 78's with EXTREME CARE.
78's should not be stored in their original
packages. Each recording should be rehoused
in acid-free liners made of 35 pound kraft
paper. The original wrapping should probably
be kept for the historical information it
contains. A more sophisticated wrapping consists
of four layers of different materials laminated
together: the exterior layer is kraft paper,
followed by polyethylene, aluminum foil,
and a final layer of polyethylene. The polyethylene
and foil act as vapor barriers, while the
polyethylene inner layer protects the surface
of the record from abrasion and damage.
About cleaning: be very careful what cleaning
solution you use. Most cleaning solutions
that are used for vinyl contain some form
of alcohol (or other solvent) that will dissolve
your 78's! Do not use ANY cleaning solution
that is not specifically made for 78rpm's.
Pure water is also BAD for 78's. I know
of collections that have been ruined
after a brief exposure to water (a
the records were immediately dried,
time they were all destroyed).
Mold, mildew and fungus KILL 78's. The damage
is irreparable (the little fungus fellers
actually eat the grooves. The record
whitish, and you can't feel the grooves
more because. . . they ain't there!
have been eaten). Therefore, you must
conditions that favor mold, mildew
heat and humidity. you must store your
78rpm's in a climate and humidity controlled
Be very careful what needle and weight you
are using. There are many types of
and what may work for one type of record
may not work very well for another.
homework and find out what works for
specific record. Otherwise, even one
with the wrong needle can create irreparable
damage to the record.
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